Strengthening Regulations and Supervision of Institutions Offering Islamic Financial Services
The IMF’s Middle East Center for Economics and Finance (CEF), Monetary and Capital Market Department, and Middle East Regional Technical Assistance Center (METAC), concluded a joint workshop on “Strengthening Regulations and Supervision of Institutions Offering Islamic Financial Services (IIFS), in Kuwait City during December 17-20, 2018. The workshop attracted 33 senior bank supervisors from 11 Arab League countries (Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, and West Bank and Gaza) and two from Afghanistan.
Islamic finance instruments have grown substantially in value over the past two decades, from less than USD 500 million in 2001 to close to USD 319 billion in 2016. METAC countries, and others, have stepped up their efforts to build an effective regulatory framework that balances the growth needs of the sector while ensuring its soundness, and enhancing financial stability. The key purpose of the workshop was to assist countries to achieve this objective by presenting and discussing several relevant thematic topics related to establishing and improving an effective regulatory and supervisory regime for IIFS. These topics included: (i) core principles for Islamic finance regulations; (ii) risk-based supervision framework; (iii) activities and inherent risks in IIFS; (iv) capital adequacy standards and determination of alpha in the calculation of capital adequacy ratios; (v) liquidity management; (vii) market risk management; and (viii) rate of return risk.
Participants in the workshop acquired practical methods for identifying and measuring risks, sharing their countries’ experiences, and working on case studies to enhance their practical knowledge of capital adequacy ratios, and determine alhpa for calculating the displaced commercial risk born by the IIFS sharholders.
Regulatory and Supervisory Approaches to Managing Cyber Risks in the Financial System
The International Monetary Fund (IMF)’s Middle East Regional Technical Assistance Center (METAC) and the IMF Monetary and Capital Markets Department organized a joint regional workshop on “Regulatory and Supervisory Approaches to Managing Cyber Risks in the Financial System” during October 23-25, 2018 in Amman. Jordan. Eighteen senior bank supervisors from 9 METAC member countries (Afghanistan, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, and West Bank and Gaza) attended the workshop.
The workshop reported on emerging cyber security trends and measures to handle them. It also provided hands-on capacity building to financial sector supervisors of METAC constituent jurisdictions on preparing quality regulation and efficiently supervising cyber risk.
The workshop provided a forum to exchange views and share country, regional, and international experience on cyber security management. Discussions covered a number of related topics such as the systemic dimension of cyber risk and its potential impact on financial stability, the cyber regulatory frameworks internationally, cyber and third-party risk management, cyber security and the cloud, role of security reviews in building cyber resilience, strategies to promote domestic and cross-border information-sharing, supervision techniques for IT risk and cyber, on-site cyber and IT examinations, including practical experience on inspection in FinTech companies, and the IMF approach to provide technical assistance in that field. The practical case studies provided during the workshop provided an opportunity to build hands-on expertise in understanding and managing cyber-attacks and their management.
Risk Management in Customs
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) Middle East Regional Technical Assistance Center (METAC) organized a regional workshop on “Risk Management in Customs” during December 10-13, 2018 in Amman, Jordan. Nineteen senior officials of customs authorities and finance ministries from 10 METAC member countries (Afghanistan, Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, and West Bank and Gaza) attended the workshop.
Risk management has been identified by many customs authorities as an area where improvements are needed to enhance effectiveness in protecting the tax base from trade and consumption taxes on imports. The workshop presented international good practices on effective risk management for compliance and institutional risks in customs administration. It provided the participants with an initial overview of the key concepts and elements of the compliance risk management process, including detailed discussions of identification, assessment and ranking of compliance risks.
The workshop included a session on the awareness of good practices in the management of institutional risks. Workshop participants shared extensively their own administrations’ experiences in establishing and implementing the risk management function, which in turn gave them a fuller perspective of the challenges they face in building and improving this function.
Feedback received from the participants was very positive, in particular in relation to new ideas and solutions they can consider implementing in their countries.
METAC will continue providing support for strengthening its member countries’ capacity in implementing effective risk management solutions.
Public Financial Management
Understanding and Assessing Fiscal Risk from Public Private Partnerships (October29-November 1)
MENA countries are developing Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) to address their infrastructure needs. The IMF Middle East Center for Economics and Finance and METAC organized a four-day training seminar on “Understanding and Assessing Fiscal Risk from PPPs”, based on the new version of the PPP Fiscal Risk Assessment Model, in Kuwait City, Kuwait during October 29 – November 1. The seminar’s main objective was to provide officials from the region responsible for managing public investment, with the tools to evaluate the sustainability of their PPPs and develop a holistic view on their fiscal impacts.
Statistics on International Trade in Goods and Services (December 16-20)
METAC and IMF Statistics Department conducted a joint regional workshop on “Statistics on International Trade in Goods and Services” during December 16-20, 2018 in Amman. Jordan. Twenty-three participants from central banks, national statistics offices, and one exchange office covering 11 METAC member countries attended the workshop (Afghanistan, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, and West Bank and Gaza).
The workshop’s objective was to enhance compilers’ capacity to produce reliable current account statistics and promote a better understanding of the linkages between international merchandise trade statistics and the goods component of the balance of payments. The interactive workshop helped strengthen compilers’ knowledge of emerging demands and international initiatives on trade in services, and addressed issues related to informal cross-border transactions, digital trade, and globalization.